Yes, in the first six terms of Olivier Award–nominated musical Six, we learn the fate of each of Henry VIII’s wives. But simply how much are you aware about their everyday lives?
Writers Toby Marlow and Lucy Moss dug to the reputation for Tudor England additionally the court that is royal the words with their pop music opera, and greater historic knowledge means greater admiration of this nuances in Marlow and Moss’ writing. Listed here are the CliffsNotes to assist you navigate this chapter in Uk history.
Catherine of Aragon Queen from 1509–1533The “paragon of royalty” had been the very first spouse of Henry VIII. A spanish princess, she had been the child of Isabelle and Ferdinand, thus the Latin beats and Spanish trumpets inside her Six solo “No Way.” Catherine first married Arthur (Henry’s older sibling and heir obvious into the English throne) in 1501 whenever she had been 15. But five months after their wedding, Arthur passed away. Arthur’s dad almost needed to get back her dowry, but a King would not spend money—or European alliances. He married her down to his more youthful son, Henry VIII, in 1509, though Henry had been 5 years her junior. She faithfully served England, ruling as regent in 1513 whenever Henry ended up being away in France. Nevertheless when she did not create a male heir, things got complicated. With her 5th maternity, Catherine offered delivery to Mary (the long run Mary we of England), but Henry became preoccupied with siring a kid. He became believing that his wedding to their brother’s widow ended up being cursed by Jesus, or, as Catherine sings, “You state it is a pity ‘cause quoting Leviticus ‘I’ll find yourself kidiless all my entire life.’”
It’s commonly thought he utilized the Bible as a reason to divorce the princess that is spanish a want to marry her woman in waiting, Anne Boleyn. Catherine was furious he cast her aside; she had tolerated their affairs (“I’ve never destroyed control regardless of how times that are many knew you lied”) as any Queen ended up being anticipated. furthermore, Catherine maintained that she had never ever consummated her wedding to Arthur—so that’s the wedding which was null. Complicated, we understand. Due to the fact track implies, Catherine declined an annulment, claiming until her death that she ended up being the rightful Queen. Catherine ended up being delivered to a” that is“nun-ry fundamentally relocated to The greater amount of Castle. She died in 1536 during the chronilogical age of 50, nevertheless keeping she ended up being the sole wife that is legitimate of VIII.
Anne Boleyn Queen from 1533–1536Though affairs involving the King and their Queen’s women in waiting were common and anticipated, nobody expected him to go out of Catherine to wed Anne—the sis of their mistress that is former that. Anne was raised during the court associated with the Queen of France before returning home to England to participate the royal court.
Anne Boleyn can be depicted because the wife that is devious presumably plotting to dethrone Catherine—unsatisfied to be simply a mistress, “some girl in a threesome.” Henry and Anne married in key January 25, 1533; they got the Archbishop to declare Henry’s wedding to Catherine null and their brand new wedding to Anne valid—thus breaking through the Catholic Church and starting the Church of England. Anne had been crowned queen June 1, 1533; she soon offered delivery to a woman, the near future Elizabeth we. But after three miscarriages, Henry took a brand new mistress: Jane Seymour. Needing a real solution to rid himself of Anne, Henry stated that Anne had bewitched him as he had been hitched to Catherine. Anne possibly flirted with a few men “just to create him jel,” but that merely resulted in ukrainian brides usa accusations of incest and adultery. She had been beheaded in the Tower of London may 15, 1536, at age 35.
Jane Seymour Queen from 1536–1537Just as Anne Boleyn overtook the lady she served, Jane Seymour had been a lady-in-waiting to Queen Anne, after serving Queen Catherine. Henry VIII became betrothed to Jane one day after Anne’s execution. Jane offered delivery to a son, Edward, in October 1537 and passed away fourteen days later on of postnatal problems. Jane is normally regarded as the favourite, if it she sings that “without my son your love could fade away. as she actually is the sole spouse Henry freely mourned additionally the only 1 to get a queen’s funeral, and that’s why her song in Six is one of like an electrical ballad—even” Henry VIII ended up being ultimately hidden beside her at Windsor Castle.
Anne of Cleves Queen from January 1540–July 1540Anne of Cleves lasted just sixth months as Queen, but she kept her mind. Musician Hans Holbein younger went along to Germany to paint Anne and her cousin, as Henry VIII considered which will be their 4th wife. (We read about these travels in “Haus of Holbein.”)
But once Anne arrived after her portrait, Henry felt she “didn’t didn’t look like her profile image.” She revealed a lack that is general of, “sippin’ on mead and I also spill it back at my dress,” which additionally displeased the royal. Fundamentally, the master made excuses for their displeasure along with her and discovered another reason to be rid of her, saying there was clearly not a way she had been a virgin once they wed. Provided an annulment, Anne remained in benefit utilizing the King and sometimes checked out court throughout the reigns associated with the last two queens. She passed away in 1557.
Catherine Howard Queen from 1540–1541Catherine, better referred to as Kitty, had been very long the item of intimate attention as recommended in “All You Wanna Do.” She had been molested by her music instructor, Henry Mannox, as he had been 36 ( maybe not 23 as Six states) and she 13. At 15, she relocated along with her grandmother, “the dowager Duchess,” and became fans with “sexy secretary” Francis Dereham—an event that could started to haunt her later. Her grandmother discovered the affair and delivered her into the Tudor court.
Like her relative, Anne Boleyn, she served as a lady-in-waiting however in the court of Anne of Cleves. The master had been 49 years of age as he married the 16-year-old. However the gossips at court—some of who had witnessed her behavior with Dereham—quickly distribute term that Catherine had been committing adultery behind Henry’s straight straight straight back with Henry’s courtier Thomas Culpeper. Culpepper, Dereham, and Catherine had been all performed (Dereham had been quartered and drawn). Catherine, beheaded February 13, 1542, ended up being buried in a unmarked grave.
Catherine Parr Queen from 1543-1547The final spouse of Henry VIII lived in constant concern about her very own execution. Ahead of her wedding to King Henry VIII, she had two previous husbands and had been widowed both in situations. She had dropped deeply in love with Thomas Seymour (Jane’s brother) before she caught the attention associated with King. As well as in “I Don’t Need Your Love,” she pleads with Thomas to keep her alone to save lots of them both through the King’s wrath and particular death.
Catherine ingratiated herself to your master by being a mom to their three young ones: Catherine of Aragon’s Mary, Anne Boleyn’s Elizabeth, and Jane Seymour’s Edward. This woman is the one who restored Mary and Elizabeth’s royal standing so that they might can be found in the type of succession.
During her reign, Catherine ended up being the very first queen of England and Ireland; she had been additionally the queen most abundant in diplomatic impact since Catherine of Aragon, as she served as regent whenever Henry traveled to France once again. Catherine had been an advocate of reformation when you look at the Church, Protestantism. In reality, she published publications on prayer inside her own name—and had been the very very first Queen of England to do this. That she“fought for feminine training. so that it’s real” Before Henry VIII passed away January 28, 1547, he instructed that she be respected since the Queen of England even with their death—which is what occurred. She stepped down through the throne when Prince Edward, Jane Seymour’s son, had been prepared to ascend in 1547. This time around, she had been the main one to re-marry, to gentleman of this court Thomas Seymour. She passed away 5, 1548 september.